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What should be noted about winter management of dairy cows in pastures

Cattle farms should place management in a certain important position. Only with good management can there be a healthy herd, a good production level, disease prevention first, and the ultimate goal of maximizing the benefits of cattle farms be truly achieved.

But summer and winter are the most difficult to manage in the management process. Now we will mainly discuss the precautions and suggestions for disease prevention in winter production management for reference.

1 Temperature. The low temperature in winter directly affects the milk production of cows. When the external temperature drops below the optimal temperature for cows, they will consume their own energy to maintain their body temperature, resulting in insufficient milk production energy and a serious decrease in milk production.

Cowsheds should be well protected from cold and warmth.

2 Humidity. In winter, cows are often raised in pens, and farmers often close the pens to keep them warm. Due to the respiration of cows and the fermentation of feces and urine, coupled with poor ventilation in daily life, it is easy to cause excessive humidity in the enclosure,

The increase in harmful gas concentration causes adverse stimulation to cows, leading to a decrease in milk production. In severe cases, it can easily lead to diseases caused by some bacteria in cows. Prevent the cowshed from getting damp, and if necessary, provide appropriate ventilation and ventilation.

3. Insufficient nutrition in feed. In winter, there is a shortage of green feed for cows. Most farmers mainly feed on hay, corn straw, and concentrate, often resulting in a single feed ingredient and insufficient nutrient intake, leading to a decrease in milk production. After entering winter,

Cows need more energy to maintain their body temperature, so they need to supplement a large amount of energy feed. When providing concentrated feed, it is necessary to increase the energy level in the diet while keeping the protein and feed unchanged to ensure energy intake.

In addition, the winter feed composition of cows is relatively single, and the intake of minerals is insufficient. Therefore, it is necessary to add an appropriate amount of calcium and phosphorus to the diet.

4 Drinking water. Adequate drinking water is one of the important factors for cows to achieve high milk yield. Dairy cows should not drink tap water or well water directly in winter, as cold weather and low water temperature can easily lead to digestive system diseases such as diarrhea and indigestion,

Seriously affecting the milk production of cows. So, in winter, it is best to give cows water at 10~30 ℃ and have sufficient water throughout the day.

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